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Beneficial Parasitic Wasps in Peanuts

Beneficial Parasitic Wasps in Peanuts

Insect management tends to focus on pests that cause damage and reduce yields, but one aspect of integrated pest management (IPM) includes the knowledge of beneficial insects that naturally control those pests.  In peanuts, there are several different beneficial parasitoids that can be found preying on pest insects in the southern U.S.  A parasitoid is an organism that lives on or in a host organism and ultimately kills the host. Evidence of some of these beneficial parasitoids that might be seen in the field are cocoons of parasitic wasps. Often a white mass of cocoons can be seen on the leaves of plants (Image 1).

Image 1. Beneficial Parasitic Wasp cocoon on peanuts in Holmes County. Photo Credit: Kalyn Waters

The tiny wasp lays its eggs in a caterpillar, the eggs hatch and then feed on its living host (caterpillar). The larvae later emerge from the caterpillar and spin the silken cocoons (Image 1), before completing their development and forming into adults. These Parasitic Wasps have been seen attacking cutworms in peanut fields. The presence of cocoons on leaves is first noticed in mid to late June.

For more information please contact your county agent, or follow these links to publications on this topic:

 

PG

Author: Kalyn Waters – kalyn.waters@ufl.edu

Holmes County Extension Director working in the areas of Agricultural Management in row crop, natural resources, livestock and forage production. Specialized in Beef Cattle Production in the area of reproductive, nutritional and finical management.
http://holmes.ufl.ifas.edu

Kalyn Waters

Permanent link to this article: http://okaloosa.ifas.ufl.edu/newsletters/2017/07/07/beneficial-parasitic-wasps-in-peanuts/